The majority of binary options instruments analysed and discussed will consist of combinations of binary options. Binary option instruments (or for that matter conventional options instruments) consist of outright calls and puts, or combinations of both. The possible combinations double in number when the outright calls and puts are divided into a further two categories of options, European and American. The kaleidoscope of potential instruments is further expanded when barrier options, such as Knock-Outs and Knock-Ins, additionally contribute to the list. Variable strikes, expiries, barriers etc. create a limitless array of potential instruments, and then to cap it all, one can combine binary options with conventional options just to make it really interesting!
N.B. The term ‘instrument’ is often interchangeable with ‘strategy’. On this site an instrument refers to, for example, a binary call option, a binary put option, a tunnel option, a double no touch, etc.. Technical analysis and the like is referred to on this site as ‘strategy’.
In the mature conventional options market probably in excess of 80% of all trades consist of combinations of calls and puts such as call spreads, put spreads, straddles, strangles, butterflies, condors etc.. There is no reason to believe that as the binary option market matures binary options instruments consisting of combinations of different binary options will similarly predominate the volumes traded.
If one then includes barrier options to this list of binary options instruments the percentage of structured binary options instruments volume to total binary options volume will rise from the 80% level as these particular forms of binary options do not have natural equivalents in the conventional options marketplace.
|European Binary Options||One-Touch Binary Options||Knock-In Binary Options||Knock-Out Binary Options||Two-Asset Binary Options|
|Binary Call Options||One-Touch Call Options||Down & In Binary Call Options||Down & Out Binary Call Option (K>B)||Correlation Coefficient|
|Binary Put Options||One-Touch Put Options||Up & In Binary Put Options||Down & Out Binary Call Option (K<=B)||Binary Spread Options|
|Tunnel Options||Double No-Touch Options||Up & In Binary Call Options||Up & Out Binary Call Option||Binary Spread Eachway Options|
|Eachway Call||Call Timeline||Down & In Binary Put Options||Up & Out Binary Put Option (K < B)||Double Binary Options|
|Eachway Put||Put Timeline||Down & In One-Touch Calls||Up & Out Binary Put Option (K>=B)||Double Binary Eachway Options|
|Eachway Tunnel||Call Banker||Up & In One-Touch Puts||Down & Out Binary Put Option||Double Tunnel Options|
|Call Accumulator||Put Banker||Down & Out One-Touch Call||Double Eachway Tunnel Options|
|Put Accumulator||Onion Options||Up & Out One-Touch Put||Pyramid Options|
|Duke of York||Tug-of-War|
In general there are two distinct forms of binary options and these are:
1. options that can be exercised prior to expiry and at expiry
2. options that can only be exercised at expiry.
Options that can only be exercised at or after expiry are termed European options, while the options that can be exercised prior to and after expiry are termed American options. And the nomenclature is clearly geographically totally irrelevant and meaningless!
Generally American binary options refer to ‘One-Touch Calls’, ‘One-Touch Puts’ or ‘Double No Touch’ options. A barrier option that does not convert into another instrument have a Knock-in or Knock-out feature that can be considered as the simplest of ‘one-touch’/’no-touch’ binary options strategies. Zero interest rates and yields are assumed throughout the analysis unless otherwise stated.
The terminology generally within the global options community differs not only from one geographical location to another, e.g. on one exchange a long call with two short calls is a ladder whereas on another it is a Christmas tree, but also differs from one product to another, e.g. time to expiry in the FX market is tenor.
‘Tunnel’ will generally be used in preference to ‘Corridor’, ‘Ranger’ or ‘Rangebet’.
A ‘Knock-Out’ strategy gets knocked out at the ‘barrier’ while the ‘strike’ within a ‘Knock-Out’ strategy determines the level against which the bet ultimately wins or loses. A Down-and-In Binary Call where may have the strike above, below or the same as the barrier.
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