What is the MiFID? – Definition, History & Scope


MiFID, or the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, has been a cornerstone of financial market regulation across the European Union since its implementation in 2007. It sets out comprehensive guidelines to ensure the proper functioning of financial markets, fostering transparency and integrity.

In 2018, MiFID underwent a significant update, leading to the introduction of MiFID II, a revised regulatory directive aimed at further enhancing market transparency and investor protection.

MiFID in a nutshell

  • MiFID stands for Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, regulating financial transactions.
  • It aims to protect investors and ensure fair competition among financial institutions.
  • MiFID covers various financial authorities including banks, brokers, traders, and exchanges.
  • MiFID II, introduced in 2018, expands regulations to cover complex financial instruments like binary options.

MiFID: Markets in Financial Instruments Directive

It is an acronym for Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. As the name suggests, it works on bringing the regulations on financial transactions. 

This European regulatory framework sets various disclosure requirements for all financial institutions. However, the scope of MiFID limits only to the European Union member countries. 

Aim of MiFID

MiFID sets out specific objectives to achieve within the financial landscape of the European Union. Here’s a breakdown of its aims:

  • Investor Protection: One primary aim of MiFID is to increase the protection of investors operating within the European Union. This involves implementing measures to safeguard investors’ interests and ensure fair treatment.
  • Fair Competition: MiFID aims to establish fair competition among financial institutions. By doing so, it promotes a level playing field where all participants have equal opportunities to compete, innovate, and thrive.
  • Rules and Regulations: Another objective of MiFID is to develop common rules and regulations that all financial institutions must adhere to. This standardizes practices across the EU and enhances regulatory efficiency.

These aims work together to ensure that the European stock market operates transparently. By focussing on fair competition and investor protection, MiFID helps to ensure that the European financial sector remains transparent and stable.

The History of MiFID

MiFID came into being in 2004. However, it took some time to implement fairly across the European Union. All member countries adopted this directive framework by 2007.  Since then, it has been overseeing how the investment market functions in Europe. 

MiFID was established to incorporate a unified financial market. However, by the end of 2011, the directive called for many revisions. It led to the evolution of a new directive, MiFID II. After deliberate discussions, debates, and many rebuttals, the new directive came out in 2014. 

The scope of MiFID

As we mentioned, the scope of MiFID is wide. Thus, it keeps a check on various financial authorities. Let us look at the organizations that fall within their purview. 

You must be wondering which organizations do MiFID control. Well, the directive oversees all the financial communities within the European Union. 

The directive lays down provisions for:

  • Fund and fund managers
  • Bank and bank managers
  • Pension fund
  • Brokers 
  • Investors
  • Traders 
  • Trading exchanges

MiFID II further widens the scope of the directive to:

Thus, MiFID II was developed to cover the loopholes in MiFID. It lays directives to make the laws and regulations more effective. These directives bring more clarity to the institutions operating in the European Union. 

MiFID has eliminated almost all the challenges of the lack of transparency. Its directives are in line with the ever-changing economic environment. The provisions also include directives on how financial institutions must adhere to technological changes. 

Does MiFID regulate the Binary Options Market?

Yes, the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) regulates the binary options market. According to MiFID regulations, binary options are classified as complex financial instruments rather than non-complex ones.

The MiFID II package, which came into effect at the beginning of 2018, regulates brokers who offer foreign exchange, CFDs, binary options and traditional currency options on the over-the-counter market. These regulations aim to simplify operations for investors and brokers while providing protection against fraud and binary trading scams.

About the author

Percival Knight
Percival Knight is an experienced Binary Options trader for more than ten years. Mainly, he trades 60-second trades at a very high hit rate. My favorite strategies is by using candlesticks and fake-breakouts

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